Appendix 1: Subject and Countersubject Entries. There are prominent dissonances created by the diminished seventh chords. The piece is more solemn and feels like a wistful late summer. In the context of a fugue it describes a situation where each voice enters before the previous voice has finished its subject. In entirety the fugue has a total of 3 subjects. When all the voices have entered this signals the end of the Exposition. Two tritons are formed in the two upper voices e’-b’ flat and e’ flat-a’. The Subject is remarkable for its elaborate character and in length it exceeds any of the other Fugues in this series. Have a look/listen to my fugue exposition: lettersquash says: November 28, 2020 at 8:31 am. The Fugue is written in three parts and has 72 measures. 18-31. Have a look/listen to my fugue exposition: Contrasting keys play a vital role in the composition of a fugue. A fugue exposition is a section that contains at least one full statement of the subject of the fugue. How should this trill be played? 2 in C minor, BWV 847 Prelude & Fugue No. 1910] ... download 1 file . A general Introduction covers topics like the origins of the WTC, the "well-tempered" scale, the clavier at Bach's time, the history of the prelude, and the background of fugue composition. 26 between the Bass and the Alto. This fugue in C major, the first fugue from the first book of Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier, presents several interesting aspects: The voices appear in the exposition in the unusual order of subject - answer - answer - subject. A countersubject acts like an accompaniment to the Subject and Answer. It has some added notes. A (d minor parallel key) The halfway of the fugue. Each of the two volumes of the Well-tempered Clavier contains one prelude and one fugue in every major and minor key. This brings added variety to the entries of the Subject later on in the fugue. Music - University of … Sequences in mm. For example, Fugue in F Major from WTC 1 is in the style of a passepied and resembles the passepied movement that Bach labeled in his Partita No. keyboard j-s-bach trills ornaments. The Fugue starts with an exposition mm. 1. It resembles Passepied which usually is a faster version of the minuet. Bach d-minor Fugue in WTC 1 (BWV 851), we have. Usually, while one voice has arpeggios in sixteenths, the other voice has arpeggios in eighths or trills. Here is the countersubject (highlighted yellow) at the start of my fugue: After the Exposition there comes an Episode. However, if it is altered to fit the new key then it is a ”tonal answer”. 1 in C major, BWV 846 Prelude & Fugue No. Here is my analysis (color-coded and all! Passepied in the dance suites usually appeared in pairs (da capo). A fugue starts with the 1st voice/part playing a melody/phrase called the Subject. An episode is a connecting passage of music in a fugue and is usually made up of a development of the music that has already been heard in the Exposition. Published by teoria.com. I’d love to read more analysis from you, this level of detailed walkthrough of the masters are a rare treat. Johann Sebastian Bach: WTC 1 . The first Stretto starts in mm. Overall, the Fugue has three Strettos (for details of the Strettos refer to the Appendix 2). The graph attempts to show the processes determining this prelude.1 WTC I/1 in C major – Fugue The subject of this fugue is one and a half measures long. This overlapping technique is used by composers to increase the emotional tension of the piece. The subject is played by the 1st voice in the tonic key. Texture of two voices is consistent throughout the piece (except for one measure). Click on the link below each diagram to access an interactive version of these analysis, with scores. Have a look/listen to this excellent video which shows the Art of Fugue by Bach: There are various other forms of fugues that you may come across. This Fugue has a “real” Answer, and would be styled as a “real” Fugue. However, it does not have an iambic feeling. ( Log Out / A fugue starts with the 1st voice/part playing a melody/phrase called the Subject. Although m. 16 is still intense because of the seventh chords and the secondary dominant, tension is starting to resolve. 1-13. Assignment 1 Analysis of Bach Prelude in C major (WTC 1-1) Due: Tuesday, 1/22. Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier: In-depth Analysis and Interpretation. There are a total number of 14 entries (for list of a detailed analysis of subject and countersubject entries refer to Appendix 1). The subject introduces all pitches of the F major scale. J. S. Bach Fugue 16 Answers. Fugue begins right after the Prelude. In this case, Bach paired this Prelude with the Fugue (they both exhibit dance features), but without da capo. “a fugue in 4 parts”, “a fugue in 3 voices”. This Fugue also shows Bach’s talent to combine the instrumental dance style with the contrapuntal writing. Both times the pitch is A, pitch interval an octave and time interval three quarters. I/4 Prelude and Fugue in C-sharp minor: I/5 Prelude and Fugue in D major: I/6 Prelude and Fugue in D minor: I/7 Prelude and Fugue in E-flat major: I/8 Prelude and Fugue in E-flat minor/D-sharp minor: I/9 Prelude and Fugue in E major: I/10 Prelude and Fugue in E minor: I/11 Prelude and Fugue in F major The Subject is repeated in the entry of the 3rd voice (usually in the tonic, but at a different octave) and is “answered” by the 4th voice (if there is one), again in the dominant key. You will sometimes come across Double Fugues. The Soprano voice has an embellished scale which reaches again the high g”. This prelude is dance-like instrumental type of piece. M. 36, is the halfway of the piece. There are many examples of fugues. Publication date [pref. 1-8 and mm. Video lessons, worksheets and EXCLUSIVE CONTENT. An analysis of J.S Bach's Prelude and Fugue No.1 in C major, BWV 846, from the Well Tempered Clavier Book 1. This piece is written in F major, which was often used for a pastoral scene. He uses seven in the first half and seven in the second half of the piece. download 18 Files download 11 Original. Keyscapes for J.S. Like Liked by 1 person. For building up the climax Bach uses the Strettos, dissonant chords on the strong beats (diminished). Richard Atkinson analyzes the amazing counterpoint of the D major fugue from The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II, by J. S. Bach. In my coda I have used stretto to continue to increase the drama as the fugue ends: Hopefully this worked example will help you understand the basic meaning of what a fugue is and how it is composed. The first subject comes in the Alto voice, the tonal answer follows in the m. 5 in the Soprano in the Dominant key. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. on Google+, Ben Dunnett LRSM is the founder of Music Theory Academy. Search • Write to us. Real Answers! Analyze the Prelude and Fugue from Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier. The odd numbered fugues are in major. 3-4 have sequences where tension goes up and down because of the secondary dominant chords and resolutions. Bach, WTC I, Fugue in E minor. Section 30.8 Fugue Analysis. The Well-Tempered Clavier, BWV 846–893, is a collection of two sets of preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys, composed for solo keyboard by Johann Sebastian Bach.In Bach's time Clavier was a generic name indicating a variety of keyboard instruments, most typically a harpsichord or clavichord – but not excluding an organ.. Can you see/hear the key changes? The 2nd voice plays the “answer” in dominant key (a 5th higher or a 4th lower) – this transposed line in the 2nd voice is called the answer. Bach – Prelude and double fugue no. Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier, Books 1 & 2 Click on an image to view a larger version which also includes a color-to-key mapping legend. The Well-Tempered-Clavier, Book I / Part 1 (WTC 1) French Title: Le Clavier bien tempéré, Premier livre: Spanish Title Works: Preludes & Fugues (24), BWV 846-869 Prelude & Fugue No. An interesting feature of this episode is that it has the countersubject in the Bass. Mm. recent scholarship is incorporated in Section 1.3, including discussion of corpus analysis. on Twitter Bach's forty-eight fugues (Das wohltemperirte clavier) by Prout, Ebenezer, 1835-1909; Prout, Louis Beethoven. We will now turn to analysis of fugue. Ask Question Asked 6 years, 8 months ago. The pitch interval is an octave, time interval three quarters, beginning pitch is C. This Stretto is followed by the second Episode, which modulates in to D minor (parallel minor). The Second half goes into a climax. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The upper voice reaches the g#” and a”. The subject is played by the 1st voice in the tonic key. This creates the impression of a very long upbeat, in which the tension toward ( Log Out / This thesis is intended as a music-theoretical account of stretto in the forty-eight fugues of the . The intervals of the tritone are very prominent (this is another connection with the Prelude). Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. BAIN MUSC 729 Contrapuntal Techniques: J.S. Thus, the exposition ends on the tonic-chord, but in a very weak form in the second position without the tonic (beginning of m.7). At the same time both the Prelude and the Fugue are dance-like and have similar characters. Background: In 1722, Johann Sebastian Bach published a book of 24 fugues in each of the 12 major and minor keys. D (g minor) one sixteenth note added to the subject, C (Tonic) This subject is altered (embellished), Beginning pitch of the subject (beginning pitch of the following entry). Immediately, after this cadence, begins the third Stretto. 57, 1952). This Fugue is architectural. The other connection between Prelude and Fugue is the meter. The next subject entry is in the Alto voice in the Dominant, while the countersubject is featured in the Soprano. Also all the pitches of the fugue subject (although not in the same order) can be found in the first two measures of the Prelude. Move the piece in 1722 Dominant key same key your detailed analysis of Bach 's BWV... Minor third leap ) move stepwise of D minor Sebastian Bach published a Book of 24 fugues in this.! Bass in the Bass voice, the tonal answer ” m. 14 the pedal point starts the... 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An icon to Log in: You are commenting using your Twitter account, which was used. Which can be divided into two parts: mm times the pitch is D, interval... Starts to go into the climax starts to go into the climax starts to build tension! Related key to both F major and minor key in m. 17, the third voice is added help! Three parts and has 72 measures establish the questions that the remaining chapters will address subject it. Pitch is a contrapuntal composition for a pastoral scene, 1/22 last two measures the... These analysis, with scores analyze the Prelude ) is followed by the third is! ; Prout, Ebenezer, 1835-1909 ; Prout, Louis Beethoven also later in the voice! In entirety the fugue in e minor remarkable for its elaborate character in! A pastoral scene these annotations are based on several musicological sources as well as on our own.. Is featured in the right hand Prelude and fugue No.1 in C major, BWV,. Fugue No S. 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Climax Bach uses the Strettos refer to the Appendix 2 ) 7-8 there is an immediate between... Book I of Johann Sebastian Bach 's Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II by! Remarkable for its elaborate character and in m. 12, the scale starting from g is going up 18!
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