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cleopatra selene of syria

She, alongside her husband, ruled for twenty years over a large kingdom. Cleopatras. Her vigorous promotion of her mother's legacy stood in sharp contrast to the negative image being disseminated in contemporary Augustan poetry. With her she had had the beauty of her light in common, Cleopatra Selene was the only daughter of Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. This does not mean that the twins did not have a name before they were three, but rather Cleopatra VII may have given her children different names at their birth and were renamed when Marc Antony acknowledged them. . Thanks Meghaan and Lyla! This article is about the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III of Egypt. Cleopatra Selene. Cleopatra Selene of Syria Monarch. The line had been founded by Alexander’s general Ptolemy, who became King Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt. Selene, Alexander, and Ptolemy Philadelphos went south to Thebes. It is traditionally believed that she was alive to mint them, but this would mean that her husband married Princess Glaphyra of Cappadocia during Selene's lifetime. Cleopatra Selene queen of Syria. Name in native language. Not interested? vol. Cleopatra Selene of Syria The monarch of Syria as Cleopatra II Selene (82–69 BC). 63, History Today Ltd, London, 2013. [14] The coins suggest that Cleopatra Selene did inherit her mother’s strong prominent nose, but was still prettier than her mother.[15]. Your email address will not be published. In certain records, Drusilla was said to be Cleopatra & Marc Antony’s granddaughter.Though Drusilla was also thought to be Ptolemy’s daughter’s name. Antony declared Cleopatra to be Queen of Kings, Caesarion to be the true son of Julius Caesar and King of Egypt, and proceeded to bestow kingdoms of their own upon Selene and her brothers. Let the children of Kings in turn hold from their fathers a strong rule over both lands. Wikipedia. [5] It was inevitable that the two had to take military action against each other. His choice settled on the Numidian prince Juba II. After the death of her mother, Cleopatra, she reigned as queen of Egypt alongside her brother, Alexander Helios, for two weeks before it was annexed by the Roman Empire. Ptolemy then reigned until 40, when he was executed by Emperor Caligula, his mother's great nephew, who was probably jealous of Mauretania's wealth. Historians generally assume that Juba wouldn't have taken a second wife as a thoroughly Romanized king, arguing that if he married Glaphyra before 4 AD, then his first wife must have already been dead. Daughter of King Ptolemy XII Auletes, Cleopatra was destined to become the last queen of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and its annexation by Rome in 30 bce. [2], When Cleopatra Selene was six years old, she made her first recorded public appearance in 34 B.C. Cleopatra Selene and her brothers entered into Marc Antony’s ex-wife, Octavia’s, household. [11], Cleopatra Selene married Juba II sometime around 20 B.C. She became a Roman prisoner and lived in the household of Emperor Augustus’s household. The kingdom of Emesa was in the Roman province of Syria and overlapped into modern-day Armenia. Octavian captured Selene and her brothers, and took them to Rome. It has been suggested that this was, Cleopatra Selene is mentioned in the novels by, Cleopatra Selene is a significant character in, Cleopatra Selene and her twin Alexander appear briefly in the television series, Cleopatra Selene is a major character in "The Daughters of Pallatine Hill", by Phyllis T. Smith (2016), Though identified simply as the daughter of the most famous Cleopatra, a character calling herself Patra appears in the third, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 14:03. We use cookies to ensure a personalised experience on our website. It is possible that Selene and Juba separated for a time, but that their rift was mended after Juba's divorce from Glaphyra. She imported many important advisers, scholars, and artists from her mother's royal court in Alexandria to serve in Caesarea. For the daughter of Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony, see Cleopatra Selene II. The daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III of Egypt, she was favoured by her mother and became a pawn in her political manoeuvres. The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene: Royal Scholarship on Rome’s. You have created common kings for both through marriage, making one race of Egyptians and Libyans. Her second name ("moon" in Ancient Greek) opposes the second name of her twin brother, Alexander Helios ("sun" in Ancient Greek). She was an Egyptian princess and was proclaimed by Marc Antony as Queen of Cyrenaica and Libya. This event, along with Antony's marriage to Cleopatra and divorce of Octavia Minor, older sister of Octavian (future Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus), marked a turning point that led to the Final War of the Roman Republic. Their daughter, Cleopatra Selene, became an important ruler in her own right, Behind the Scenes of Cleopatra's Daughter, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cleopatra_Selene_II&oldid=1000530888, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A daughter, whose name has not survived, is mentioned in an inscription. [note 1]. The construction and sculptural projects at Caesarea and Volubilis display a mixture of Ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman architectural styles. Timeline of significant events in the life of Cleopatra, Egyptian queen famous in history and drama for her relationships with two leaders of ancient Rome, Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. She was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII of Egypt by his niece Cleopatra III. Cleopatra Selene was named Queen of Cyrenaica and Libya. They were forced to participate in a triumph sometime during August of 29 B.C., to celebrate Octavian’s victories over Egypt. [8], When Octavian arrived back in Rome, he brought Cleopatra Selene and her brothers back with him. The marriage likely took place in 25 BC[8] and was commemorated in an epigram that survives in its entirety: Great neighbouring regions of the world, which divides the Nile, [19] She even issued coins in her own name and often referred to her Greek and Egyptian heritage. She was a niece of the Emperor Augustus, sister of Cleopatra Selene II, sister-in-law of the Emperor Tiberius, paternal grandmother of the Emperor Caligula and Empress Agrippina the Younger, mother of the Emperor Claudius, and both maternal great-grandmother and paternal great-aunt of the Emperor Nero. Cleopatra Selene II’s nickname doubled as a reference to their ancestor Cleopatra Selene I of Syria. Cleopatra Selene of EGYPT (co-Regent in Syria) Born: ? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The kingdom developed a significant export throughout the Mediterranean region,[13] particularly with Spain and Italy. Married first her brother Ptolemy IX and second Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, king of Syria. She later became queen consort of Syria as the wife of Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. Selene is married to the widowed King Grypus of Syria, her cousin and ex-brother-in-law, and Cleopatra III forces Alexander to marry his niece Cleopatra Berenike, Chickpea and Cleopatra … Therefore, Mauretania was a cosmopolitan kingdom mixed with Greek, Roman, and Egyptian culture. She was the wife of three different kings; including queen consort to Ptolemy IX Lathyros of Egypt, and later queen of Syria. She and her twin brother, Alexander Helios, were born in the autumn of 40 B.C. The event would become known as the Donations of Alexandria. Therefore, her prestige allowed her to rule alongside her husband as a queen in her own right. [10] Cleopatra Selene and Juba II shared a common fact that both had been a part of Roman triumphs. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! [7] However, the death of Cleopatra VII and Caesarion made Cleopatra Selene and Alexander Helios in charge of Egypt, and they were brought back to Alexandra to reign in name only until Egypt was officially annexed by the Roman Empire two weeks later. I had heard of her yet did not know much about her life. It was not until Cleopatra Selene was three years old that Marc Antony, who had finally separated from his wife Octavia, formally acknowledged the twins as his own in Antioch. Thus, she was obviously a smart, competent ruler who died while in the prime of her life. Juba II was a scholar of historical research and had grown up in Octavian’s household and became a Roman citizen. after he was defeated by Julius Caesar at the Battle of Thapsus. However, in 40 A.D., Ptolemy was executed under the orders of Emperor Caligula. Copyright © 2021 | WordPress Theme by MH Themes. She later married Demetrius II of Syria, and they had two sons. [1] Marc Antony then bestowed upon them their names Cleopatra Selene and Alexander Helios. Posted on May 29, 2018 Author kyra. [15], The couple ruled Mauretania for almost two decades until Cleopatra's death at the age of 35. A hoard of Selene's coins has been dated at 17 AD. Cleopatra Selene 1 , daughter of Ptolemy VIII 2 and Cleopatra III 3 , born c135/0 4, queen of a portion of Syria probably in coregency with her son Antiochus XIII probably after the death of her last husband Antiochus X probably in 89/8 or c. 83 5 , executed at Seleucia on the Euphrates by orders of Tigranes king of Armenia 6 in 69 7. Whitehorne, John. η Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη. Sohaemus was a priest-king, in that he also functioned as the head of the Emesani worship of the sun god El-Gebal . Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Cleopatra Selene of Syria. The daughter’s name is technically unknown but is thought to be Drusilla. In 25 BC, Augustus decided to confer on Juba and Selene the newly created client kingdom of Mauretania as Numidia had been turned into the Roman province of Africa Nova in 46 BC. Thank you for this! The Donations of Alexandria and an alleged copy of Marc Antony’s will, which stated that Marc Antony would rather be buried with Cleopatra VII in Alexandria instead of Rome with Octavia, broke away with his breach with Octavian. Breathless, descending to Hades, In 103 BC, Cleopatra III established an alliance with the Seleucid ruler Antiochus [3] Marc Antony proclaimed Cleopatra to be the Queen of Kings. Cleopatra Selene II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; summer 40 BC – c. 5 BC; the numeration is modern) was a Ptolemaic princess and Queen of Mauretania. This is very interesting and now will find more information on her as I am an ancient history buff. She was the most important royal woman in the early Augustan age. 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