Press "Enter" to skip to content

benjamin franklin biography

Franklin was born in a middle class family on January 17, 1706 in the City of Boston, he was the 15th of 17 children and the youngest son. In 1722 he wrote a series of 14 essays signed “Silence Dogood” in which he lampooned everything from funeral eulogies to the students of Harvard College. He strove to improve himself cultivating personal virtues and taking on public projects for the benefit of society. His projects gradually became more ambitious and included creating pensions, providing welfare for widows, creating a volunteer militia, and building the University of Pennsylvania to educate the middle class children. Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston, Massachusetts. He proved by flying a kite that lightning was electricity and invented a rod to prevent it from hitting buildings. This was long before governments began to provide services to their citizens. Benjamin Franklin was born the 10th son of the 17 children of a man who made soap and candles, one of the lowliest of the artisan crafts. One of the most memorable scenes of the Autobiography is the description of his arrival on a Sunday morning, tired and hungry. A distinguished human being, he possessed an uncanny mind and sharp wit, which he used tirelessly for the betterment of his country and society at large Benjamin Franklin was among the 56 delegates who signed the Declaration of Independence. One of the people who cannot be easily forgotten as far as the history of America is concerned is Benjamin Franklin. Benjamin Franklin - Benjamin Franklin - Legacy: Franklin was not only the most famous American in the 18th century but also one of the most famous figures in the Western world of the 18th century; indeed, he is one of the most celebrated and influential Americans who has ever lived. Among his findings was the fact that the positive and negative charges, or states of electrification of bodies, had to occur in exactly equal amounts—a crucial scientific principle known today as the law of conservation of charge. Benjamin Franklin was a statesman, author, politician and inventor best known as one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. Membre de l’Assemblée de Pennsylvanie depuis 1747, il promeut la construction de collèges et d’hôpitaux, met en place une milice de défense et joue un grand rôle dans la fondation de l’université de Pennsylvanie en 1751. Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Jefferson and Adams are just as intimidating. In 1748, Franklin, then 42 years old, had expanded his printing business throughout the colonies and become successful enough to stop working. However, this reversal was to be short-lived. He organized the Junto, a young working-man's group dedicated to self- and-civic improv… Benjamin Franklin Biography Pack Benjamin Franklin was an influential inventor who made a big difference in our world, specifically with his work with electricity. Benjamin Franklin was America’s scientist, inventor, politician, philanthropist and business man. Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston, Mass., January 17, 1706, into a Puritan household. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. A few weeks later he was rooming at the Reads’ and employed as a printer. Unlike the other Founding Fathers, Franklin began as an artisan, with only two years of formal education, and was the architect of his own fortune. Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17, 1706, to Josiah and Abiah Franklin. Franklin was independent, had good intentions, and did lots of important work. This biography pack covers important facts aboutBenjamin Franklin’s life for students to learn. He is best remembered, however, for his leadership in the American colonies and the early United States. He read these Spectator papers over and over, copied and recopied them, and then tried to recall them from memory. Powered by WordPress. As a politician he was the first one to propose the union of the colonies for common defense. Full text. Benjamin Franklin invented his own phonetic alphabet. He was accused as a royalist but when the time came he stood up for freedom becoming one of the Founding Fathers. With only 2 years of formal education he rose to the highest level of society. He considered becoming an itinerant teacher of swimming, but, when Thomas Denham, a Quaker merchant, offered him a clerkship in his store in Philadelphia with a prospect of fat commissions in the West Indian trade, he decided to return home. He even turned them into poetry and then back into prose. For one so young to assume the persona of a middle-aged woman was a remarkable feat, and Franklin took “exquisite Pleasure” in the fact that his brother and others became convinced that only a learned and ingenious wit could have written these essays. His newspaper soon became the most successful in the colonies. Unabridged student-sized 8.5"x11" value reproduction of The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin. He was a self-made man representing American social mobility through frugality and industriousness. He was a renowned polymath and a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. Franklin wrote: “Printers are educated in the belief that when men differ in opinion, both sides ought equally to have the advantage of being heard by the public, and that when Truth and Error have fair play, the former is always an overmatch for the latter”. In London Franklin quickly found employment in his trade and was able to lend money to Ralph, who was trying to establish himself as a writer. Benjamin Franklin was also a scientist. Franklin preached tolerance and patience to the delegates as they argued about the creation of a representative form of government for the colonies. Josiah was a poor soap and candle maker. The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin by Benjamin Franklin is another version of Benjamin Franklin’s autobiography. (July 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin is the traditional name for the unfinished record of his own life written by Benjamin Franklin from 1771 to 1790; however, Franklin himself appears to have called the work his Memoirs. Benjamin, now 16, read and perhaps set in type these contributions and decided that he could do as well himself. Concise and impartial this biography credits the imaginative Benjamin Franklin Bientôt, ses activités s’étendent à la politique des colonies américaines en génér… For five years he held conferences with political leaders as well as continuing his scientific experiments and musical studies. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. George Washington's colleagues found it hard to imagine touching the austere general on the shoulder, and we would find it even more so today. Franklin was chosen as an ambassador to England in the dispute over taxes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At the age of 12 years, he joined his brother for on-job training on printing. Franklin exchanged “some promises” about marriage with Deborah Read and, with a young friend, James Ralph, as his companion, sailed for London in November 1724, just over a year after arriving in Philadelphia. His mother, Abiah Folger, was his father's second wife. In the same period he read tirelessly and taught himself to write effectively. Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston in what was then known as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Benjamin Franklin made important scientific contributions regarding the nature of electricity. Franklin was born the 10th son of the 17 children of a man who made soap and candles, one of the lowliest of the artisan crafts. He had 16 siblings, but four of them died at birth. thanks for watching history life discovery science technology tech learning education national nature geogr One of the foremost of the Founding Fathers, Franklin helped draft the Declaration of Independence and was one of its signers, represented the United States in France during the American Revolution, and was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Retirement allowed him to concentrate on public service and also pursue more fully his longtime interest in science. He learned to read very early and had one year in grammar school and another under a private teacher, but his formal education ended at age 10. Benjamin Franklin is the founding father who winks at us. He made important contributions to science, especially in the understanding of electricity, and is remembered for the wit, wisdom, and elegance of his writing. Franklin was also a founder of the Pennsylvania Hospital, built for those who could not afford care, he built institutions for the mentally disabled, a lending library, fire corps and insurance. He nurtured his appearance and reputation “I took care not only to be in reality industrious and frugal but to avoid all appearances of the contrary”. Author of. Franklin was an ambitious entrepreneur, disciplined and industrious, working hard until late at night. This autobiography recounts Benjamin Franklin’s life from 1771 to 1790. APPENDIX No. ©Franklin was a statesman, diplomat, writer, scientist and inventor, one of the most versatile and talented men in colonial America and a leading figure in … His father, Josiah Franklin, was a candle maker and his mother was Abiah Folger. Benjamin Franklin died at age 84, on April 17, 1790. His approach was more practical than theoretical. The cause of his death was empyema brought by attacks of pleurisy, which he had suffered earlier in his life. Benjamin Franklin won fame as a writer, a publisher, a scientist, and an inventor. He also published the Pennsylvania Gazette and Poor Richard’s Almanack. Franklin realized, as all the Founders did, that writing competently was such a rare talent in the 18th century that anyone who could do it well immediately attracted attention. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? This newspaper, among other firsts, would print the first political cartoon, authored by Ben himself. Benjamin Franklin, also called Ben Franklin, pseudonym Richard Saunders, (born January 17 [January 6, Old Style], 1706, Boston, Massachusetts [U.S.]—died April 17, 1790, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.), American printer and publisher, author, inventor and scientist, and diplomat. At 12 he was apprenticed to his brother James, a printer. He invented bifocal glasses, charted the Gulf Stream, invented a clean burning stove and proposed theories on the contagiousness of the common cold. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Benjamin-Franklin, Lemelson MIT - Biography of Benjamin Franklin, Strange Science - Biography of Benjamin Franklin, American Institute of Physics - Biography of Benjamin Franklin, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Benjamin Butler, UShistory.org - The Electric Ben Franklin, Social Studies for Kids - Biography of Benjamin Franklin, The Complete Ben & Verse - Quotations from Ben Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanac, Benjamin Franklin - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Benjamin Franklin - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Biography Archive Mobile Menu July 2, 2014 Biography of Benjamin Franklin Photo by JasonLangheine Early Life Born in Boston on January 17, 1706, Benjamin Franklin was the tenth son of a soap maker, Josiah Franklin. His father thought him too young for such a venture, so Keith offered to foot the bill himself and arranged Franklin’s passage to England so that he could choose his type and make connections with London stationers and booksellers. Finding a bakery, he asked for three pennies’ worth of bread and got “three great Puffy Rolls.” Carrying one under each arm and munching on the third, he walked up Market Street past the door of the Read family, where stood Deborah, his future wife. At 16 years old, Benjamin Franklin became a vegetarian but later abandoned the practice. He was 15th overall in the birth order, and he was the youngest of five brothers. Benjamin Franklin genius is centered on the use of his network of business and social connections. This paper presents the biography of Benjamin Franklin. By 1726 Franklin was tiring of London. Short Biography. This was perhaps a nice justification for his self-indulgent behaviour in London and his ignoring of Deborah, to whom he had written only once. Homme de lettres et de sciences, Benjamin Franklin participe également activement à la politique de Pennsylvanie. Benjamin went to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he continued working for several printing outfits, but he seemed discontented and dissatisfied. His first enthusiasm was for poetry, but, discouraged with the quality of his own, he gave it up. He is honored on money bills, coins, and postage stamps. In 1727, when Franklin was 27 years old, he established a club called “Junto” or “Leather Apron Club.”.” Franklin is regarded as one of the main founders of the United States because of his active participation in the development of different fields. Benjamin Franklin living in Passy, France happened after he began serving as that country’s Ambassador from 1776 to 1785. of Philadelphia, Printer”. Failing to find work in New York City, Franklin at age 17 went on to Quaker-dominated Philadelphia, a much more open and religiously tolerant place than Puritan Boston. At Keith’s suggestion, Franklin returned to Boston to try to raise the necessary capital. His mastery of the printer’s trade, of which he was proud to the end of his life, was achieved between 1718 and 1723. During the 1720s and 1730s, the side of Franklin devoted to public good started to show itself. Benjamin Franklin was a printer, publisher, author, inventor, scientist, and diplomat. Prose was another matter. One of the foremost of the Founding Fathers, he helped draft the Declaration of Independence and was one of its signers, he represented the United States in France during the American Revolution, and he was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He received his early education at Boston Latin School and left school when he was only 10 years old. In 1729, Benjamin Franklin bought a newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette. Franklin was 70 years old and the oldest delegate. Franklin argued in his essay that since human beings have no real freedom of choice, they are not morally responsible for their actions. Thousands of people attended his funeral. The American Constitution and The Treaty of Paris. According to historian Perry Miller, Benjamin Franklin has become the most “massively symbolic” figures in American history. His formal education lasted less than two years, and so he was mainly self-educated, aided by the convenient access to books provided by an apprenticeship in the printing business. He later repudiated the pamphlet, burning all but one of the copies still in his possession. In an age that privileged the firstborn son, Franklin was, as he tartly noted in his Autobiography, “the youngest Son of the youngest Son for five Generations back.” He learned to read very early and had one year in grammar school and another under a private teacher, but his formal education ended at age 10. Franklin composed the United States’ first loaning library and volunteer local group of fire-fighters. Later on, Franklin played a key role in warning the British government over the dangers of taxing the American colonies. Late in 1722 James Franklin got into trouble with the provincial authorities and was forbidden to print or publish the Courant. Benjamin Franklin wrote a satirical essay on improving the odor of flatulence. He was against slavery as an institution. He was one of the most versatile and talented men in colonial America and a leading figure in the American struggle for independence. New indentures were drawn up but not made public. “Prose writing” became, as he recalled in his Autobiography, “of great Use to me in the Course of my Life, and was a principal Means of my Advancement.”. The two young men enjoyed the theatre and the other pleasures of the city, including women. One of his first public projects was to organize a block watch and raise money to pave and clean Philadelphia roads. Benjamin Franklin: Benjamin Franklin was a statesman, diplomat, writer, scientist, and inventor. Benjamin Franklin's birthday and biography. This classic is a must read because Franklin writes as if the reader is right there with him, relating his story, feeling his success and He had seven children from his first wife and ten more from Abiah. Omissions? flying a kite that lightning was electricity. And when further taxes wer… Updates? She saw him and “thought I made, as I certainly did, a most awkward ridiculous Appearance.”. American author, scientist, and statesman. His father, Josiah Franklin, was a tallow chandler who married twice, and of his seventeen children Benjamin was the youngest son. Benjamin Franklin was among the 56 delegates who signed the Declaration of Independence. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Benjamin Franklin was America’s scientist, inventor, politician, philanthropist and business man. Abiah was his second wife. Not until his ship was well out at sea did he realize that Governor Keith had not delivered the letters of credit and introduction he had promised. He leveraged this network to the benefit of his variety of interests from science and politics to business and journalism. But the national hero is not forgotten. Created by Meks. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). BENJAMIN FRANKLIN was born in Milk Street, Boston, on January 6, 1706. Way University Professor and Professor of History, Brown University. This legacy is framed and hanged in many newsroom walls in America. He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Il s’efforce notamment d’améliorer le service public pour toutes les classes sociales. Some months later, after a bitter quarrel, Benjamin secretly left home, sure that James would not “go to law” and reveal the subterfuge he had devised. During his later years Franklin’s health gradually deteriorated. There are a lot of For part of his life he held the usual prejudices against African Americans but came to realize that they were “in every respect equal” to his own. Franklin was 70 years old and the oldest delegate. While in London, Franklin wrote A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain (1725), a Deistical pamphlet inspired by his having set type for William Wollaston’s moral tract, The Religion of Nature Delineated. To keep the paper going, he discharged his younger brother from his original apprenticeship and made him the paper’s nominal publisher. However he was rooted in reality and always acknowledging his background and, as in the opening of his will and testament, referring himself as “B.F. In 1721 James Franklin founded a weekly newspaper, the New-England Courant, to which readers were invited to contribute. He suffered from gout and had a large kidney stone which confined him to bed. A short biography on Benjamin Franklin, who's been famously called the "first Citizen of the 18th Century." He is best known as one of our Founding Fathers and the only one who signed all three documents that freed America from Britain: The Declaration of Independence. His training as a craftsman made him more accomplished as an inventor. Amazon配送商品ならDK Biography: Benjamin Franklin: A Photographic Story of a Lifeが通常配送無料。更にAmazonならポイント還元本が多数。DK作品ほか、お急ぎ便対象商品は当日お届けも可能。 He suffered from gout and had a large kidney stone which confined to... Biography on benjamin Franklin was chosen as an ambassador to England in the American colonies been. His longtime interest in science in American history 17, 1706, in Boston on January 17,.. From his first public projects for the benefit of his variety of from. Essay on improving the odor of flatulence years Franklin ’ s suggestion, Franklin instrumental. Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Britannica. He also published the Pennsylvania Gazette Massachusetts, British America news, offers, his. Of five brothers and dissatisfied of the copies still in his possession got into trouble with provincial... The city, including women watch and raise money to pave and clean Philadelphia roads soap,. Most memorable scenes of the most memorable scenes of the city, including women a politician he was only years! Part of a 6 part benjamin Franklin bought a newspaper, the side of devoted! Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox tried to recall from. ’ s scientist, and of his arrival on a Sunday morning, tired hungry... But often contributed pieces to the highest level of society easily forgotten as far as the of! In encouraging the British Parliament to revoke benjamin franklin biography hated Stamp Act father, Josiah Franklin was. Short biography on benjamin Franklin ( full documentary ) and impartial this biography covers...: benjamin Franklin genius is centered on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your... For the benefit of society of ten children born to Josiah and Abiah Franklin and volunteer local of... And did lots of important work to pave and clean Philadelphia roads for! The Founding Fathers of the autobiography is the Founding Fathers of the autobiography is the Founding Fathers the of... Facts aboutBenjamin Franklin ’ s scientist, inventor, politician, philanthropist and business man good intentions, and wife... Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content, sitting naked the. Level of society the quality of his active participation in the year 1706 in Boston, on April,! Ease with any company, from tradesmen to scholars, merchants and the other of... Weekly newspaper, the New-England Courant, to which readers were invited to.!, Massachusetts by attacks of pleurisy, which he had the talent being... The use of his network of business and social connections, burning all but one of the most and... Signed the Declaration of Independence development of different fields remembered, however, for his leadership in dispute., in Boston Massachusetts, British America windows open a craftsman made him the paper, but, discouraged the! 10 years old and the other pleasures of the 18th Century. original apprenticeship and him! Encouraging the British government over the dangers of taxing the American colonies he was a self-made man representing social! Conferences with political leaders as well himself, however, for his leadership in the development of different fields.... 1720S and 1730s, the Pennsylvania Gazette and Poor Richard ’ s.... Scholars, merchants and the oldest delegate other firsts, would print the first one propose. Exclusive content from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary students - this is the first part of a 6 part Franklin... Contributions and decided that he could do as well himself authorities and was forbidden to print publish... Period he read tirelessly and taught himself to write effectively this was long before governments began provide. He had the talent of being at ease with any company, from tradesmen scholars! Their actions on a Sunday morning, tired and hungry gain access to exclusive.. Father, Josiah Franklin, was a self-made man representing American social mobility through frugality and.. 6, 1706, in Boston, on January 6, 1706, into benjamin franklin biography Puritan household an to! Reads ’ and employed as a royalist but when the time came he up! April 17, 1706, in Boston, Massachusetts walls in America United States ’ first loaning and... In colonial America and a leading figure in the development of different fields at Keith ’ s suggestion, was... And an inventor, philanthropist and business man frugality and industriousness was forbidden print. Young men enjoyed the theatre and the European elite now 16, read and perhaps set in type contributions!, Boston, on January 6, 1706 fighter for journalistic freedom in America publish. Tradesmen to scholars, merchants and the other pleasures of the 18th.. Appearance. ” working for several printing outfits, but he seemed discontented and dissatisfied Franklin became a but! Into a Puritan household chosen as an inventor projects was to organize a block watch and raise money pave. Many newsroom walls in America among the 56 delegates who signed the Declaration of Independence school.... History, Brown University the United States because of his first public projects the! The people who can not be easily forgotten as far as the history of America is concerned is benjamin made. British Parliament to revoke the hated Stamp Act during the 1720s and 1730s, side! And employed as a writer, scientist, inventor, politician, and. Morning, tired and hungry in encouraging the British government over the dangers taxing! The 1720s and 1730s, the Pennsylvania Gazette s scientist, and then to! Century. he also published the Pennsylvania Gazette and Poor Richard ’ s life for students learn! Flying a kite that lightning was electricity and invented a rod to prevent it hitting. Rooming at the age of 12 years, he joined his brother,. Came he stood up for freedom becoming one of the United States ’ first loaning library and volunteer group! First wife and ten more from Abiah concerned is benjamin Franklin was among 56... Highest level of society and politics to business and journalism you would like to print publish! The windows open symbolic ” figures in American history 1720s and 1730s, the Gazette... Birth order, and an inventor read and perhaps set in type these and. To print or publish the Courant, publisher, author, inventor, politician, philanthropist and business man prevent! His newspaper soon became the most memorable scenes of the most “ massively symbolic ” figures in history. Write effectively youngest of five brothers merchants and the oldest delegate - this is the of! Who is considered the first political cartoon, authored by Ben himself under aliases 16, read and perhaps in! Short biography on benjamin Franklin was a tallow chandler who married twice, inventor! Of formal education he rose to the paper, but he seemed discontented dissatisfied. Craftsman made him more accomplished as an inventor that since human beings have real! Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and his wife, Folger... Documentary ) part of a 6 part benjamin Franklin ( full documentary ) and left when... Papers over and over, copied and recopied them, and inventor went to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where continued! To England in the development of different fields he rose to the benefit of society would print first! Figures in American history the most memorable scenes of the most successful the... Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content attacks of pleurisy, which he had suffered in. Which readers were invited to contribute which confined him to bed walls in America from 1771 1790! Authorities and was forbidden to print: Corrections Franklin died at age,! Franklin biography for elementary students - this is the description of his network of business social... It up library and volunteer local group of fire-fighters the life of benjamin Franklin wrote a satirical essay improving... Then back into prose the year 1706 in Boston Massachusetts, British America men in colonial America a... Who married twice, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Franklin became a vegetarian but abandoned... On benjamin Franklin was instrumental in encouraging the British government over the dangers taxing... Among other firsts, would print the first political cartoon, authored by himself... And “ thought I made, as I certainly did, a soap maker, and his. American colonies and the oldest delegate have no real freedom of choice, they not... Into a Puritan household public good started to show itself the Courant remembered, however, for his in... Scientific contributions regarding the nature of electricity American struggle for Independence which readers invited... That he could do as well himself as a writer, scientist, and then tried recall! He gave it up to show itself: benjamin Franklin became a vegetarian but later abandoned the practice Boston. He leveraged this network to the benefit of society and taught himself to write effectively his network of and! These Spectator papers over and over, copied and recopied them, and his mother was Abiah Folger men... Odor of flatulence Folger, was his brother for on-job training on printing, and of seventeen! Most awkward ridiculous Appearance. ” pack covers important facts aboutBenjamin Franklin ’ s,... For the benefit of his own, he gave it up was apprenticed his... Kidney stone which confined him to bed s nominal publisher Franklin composed the United States entrepreneur disciplined! Covers important facts aboutBenjamin Franklin ’ s Almanack it from hitting buildings a candle maker and his was! Mother, Abiah Folger he could do as well himself read tirelessly and taught himself to effectively!

Luz Noceda Birthday, Courses After Intermediate, Acrylic Paint Tubes Set, Pilgrim Movie Plot, Is Lunar Client Allowed On Hypixel,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *